The Inventors of Science Fiction
Through the centuries art had been financed by the Royals and the rich. From medieval times artist, sculptures and painters recorded the events, battles and the personalities of the day. Whether Kings, Queens, Princes, Popes and Millionaires to pastoral landscapes all needed to be recorded and remembered for all time. Stories were written about the past and the present with little thought to what the future could possibly hold.
The change in attitudes may have contributed by the birth of 'Mechanised Warfare'. The industrialised nations in Europe and America flooded the battlefields of World War One with new inventions. Man had only just begun to fly and suddenly there were men dropping bombs, by hand from biplanes. The machine gun was in its infancy and it found its way to the frontlines. Chemical weapons were also brand new and immediately put to use as mustard gas blinding troops on both sides.
The powerful impact of machines to change the twentieth century civilisation became apparent. To the scientists, politicians and visionary writers of the day it became obvious that technology will play a dominant role in Mans destiny.
At the begining of the 20th century there was a great interest of scientific
investigation into interplanatery spaceflight, inspired by fictional writers such as
Jules Verne and H.G Wells.
Jules Verne (1828-1905)
Jules Gabrial Verne, was a French Novelist. Vernes largest body of
work is the ‘Voyages Extraordinaires’. His publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel had long
planned a family magazine which combined science fiction and scientfic education.
The first publication was ‘Five Weeks in a Balloon’ in 1863, which has nothing to do
with balloons. Their professional relationship was strained during the writing of
‘Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea’ in 1870, but they continued working
together and published ‘Journey to the Centre of the Earth’ in 1864, ‘From the Earth
to the Moon 1865’. Vernes titles include ‘Around the World in Eighty Days’ which first
appeared in 1872.
On March 24 1905 while ill with diabetes Verne died at his home in Amiens, France.
His son Michael Verne, oversaw publication of his final novels ‘Invasion of the Sea’
and ’The Lighthouse at the End of the World’ after his death.
The original book covers of Jules Verne's early books.
Movies Inspired by Jules Verne.
Masters of the World (1961)
Mad inventor Capt. Robur (Vincent Price) kidnaps a team on a government expedition to investigate a mysterious crater in Pennsylvania. The team is taken aboard Robur's spectacularly engineered air ship, the "Albatross," which Robur plans to fly around the world to various military installations in his desperate desire to eradicate weapons of mass destruction, thereby bringing about world peace. The kidnapped team's leader, John Strock (Charles Bronson), responds by planning an uprising.
Cast and characters
Vincent Price as Robur
Charles Bronson as John Strock
Henry Hull as Prudent
Mary Webster as Dorothy Prudent
David Frankham as Philip Evans
Richard Harrison as Alistair (Helmsman)
Vito Scotti as Topage (Airship Chef)
Wally Campo as First Mate Turner
Ken Terrell as Crewman Shanks
Journey to the Centre of the Earth (1959)
The story begins in May 1863, at the Lidenbrock house in Hamburg, Germany. Professor Otto Lidenbrock dashes home to peruse his latest antiquarian purchase, an original manuscript of an Icelandic saga written by Snorre Sturluson, "Heimskringla", a chronicle of the Norwegian kings who ruled over Iceland. While leafing through the book, Lidenbrock and his nephew Axel find a coded note written in runic script along with the name of a 16th-century Icelandic alchemist, Arne Saknussemm. (This novel was Verne's first to showcase his love of cryptography; coded, cryptic, or incomplete messages would appear as plot devices in many of his works, and Verne would take pains to explain not only the code itself but also the mechanisms for retrieving the original text.) Lidenbrock and Axel transliterate the runic characters into Latin letters, revealing a message written in a seemingly bizarre code. Lidenbrock deduces that the message is a transposition cipher, but achieves results no more meaningful than the baffling original.
Professor Lidenbrock locks everyone in the house and forces himself and Axel to go without food until he cracks the code. Axel discovers the answer when fanning himself with the deciphered text: Lidenbrock's decip